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The Museum Collections

Introduction
I. History and Art Collection
1. Icons of the 14th 19th centuries
  • icons of the 14th 17th century
  • 2. Jewelry art of the 14th 20th century
  • jewelry art of the 14th 17th century
  • jewelry art of the 18th 19th century
  • the european silver 14th - 19th centuries
  • 3. Small-size sculptures (works of metal, wood, bone)
    XI the beginning of the XX century
  • Small-size sculptures 11th 17th century
  • Small-size sculptures 18th early 20th century
  • enamel of Troitza masters 15-8th early 20th century
  • 5.Embroidery, lace, textiles of the 14th - early 20th century
  • icon and ornamental embroidery
  • gold and silver lace
  • 6.Painting of the 18th 21st centuries
  • painting of the 18th 19th centuris
  • painting of the 20th 21st centuris
  • II.Manuscripts and old printed books of the 14th 17th century
    IV.Lithography of the 18th 19th century
    V.Numismatics
    VI.Medals of the 18th - early 20th century
    VIII.Archeology collection

    IX. Russian folk and applied and decorative art of the 17th 21st c.
    1. Artistic wood
  • folk carved and painted wood
  • wooden toys
  • house carving of Sergiev Posad
  • Khokhloma and Gorodets painting
  • 2. Artistic textiles
  • embroidery and weaving
  • printed textiles and lace
  • Russian shawls
  • folk costumes
  • folk garments
  • printed cotton kerchiefs
  • Rus Eng

    Manuscripts and old printing books of 14-19th centuries (p.1)

        The collection of manuscripts of the Sergiev-Posad museum totals about 300 works of 14-20th century. Ancient reading and writing, letters, addresses, books of the monastic account - supplementary and inventory, synodicks, Holy Writ books, divine service and many other things here presented. Among documents of the monastic account special value represents the inventory to the Trinity-Sergiev monastery of 1641 both supplementary books 1639 and 1673. They are the most valuable, fundamental sources, and in essence, these are the present documents for experts of a different profile.

        Forming manuscripts fund of a museum has begun actually simultaneously with its creation. The Commission on protection of ancient monuments and art of the Trinity-St.Sergius Lavra, created in October 1918 for transfer of values of a monastery to the state, has played an important role in this affair. The books collection of Trinity-St.Sergius Lavra has arrived in its conducting also. However, the majority of manuscripts this unique collection in 1930th years has been transferred to Moscow (The State Bibliotheca). Definitively it has confirmed by the order on the Ministry of culture of the USSR ( 50) from 3 February 1955.

        The unique part manuscripts fund of a museum has made obverse manuscripts - the Gospel and the Apostle of the metropolitan Moscow Ioasaph (Skripitzin). The earliest Gospel from Nikolo-Pesnoshsky monastery decorated by four colour miniatures with the image of evangelists close to works of the known artist of Ancient Russia Dionisy. It is written, presumably, by Sergius Dobropisetz, which name, may be, is connected with the Trinity monastery.

        Replenishment of the book fund of the museum and studying of book collection begun in days of activity of the Commission of a museum developed again only from the end of 50th of 20th century. Actually, this is a new stage in history of forming collection. It has been connected with the organization of purposeful expeditions on the Old Russian art, spent, mainly, within Moscow suburbs, and first of all in Sergiev-Posad area (late Zagorsk), as the most perspective, with its ancient settlements entering in the past in structure of monastic possession or possession of large patrimoniers.


    Gospel from Nikolo-Pesnoshsky monastery. The end of 15th century. Salary.

    Gospel from Nikolo-Pesnoshsky monastery. The end of 15th century. Initial sheet of the Matthew's Gospel.

    Gospel from Nikolo-Pesnoshsky monastery. The end of 15th century. Miniature. Evangelist Matthew.

    Gospel from Nikolo-Pesnoshsky monastery. The end of 15th century. Miniature. Evangelist John with his pupil Prohorus.
        In composition of memorials books is Sinodik 1679, created by request of boyar B.M. Khitrovo. The article about visiting of the Trinity-St.Sergius monastery by Tzar Ivan Grozny in 1583 occasionally murder his son tsarevitch Ivan contains in the foreword to it. At the heart of this Sinodik there is more ancient reigning Ivan Grozny 1575. Most valuable part for researchers represents memorial records of the end 17th - the middle of 19th century.

        For the first time Sinodik 1679 has entered into a scientific turn. From the former collection of the Trinity-St.Sergius monastery there is a manuscript - the collection under general name Stihirar of the first quarter of 17th century - letters known singer of Ancient Russia Login Shishelov, by a nickname the Cow. The manuscript decorated by colourful prompts with gold leaf.

    Supplementary book of a St.-Trinity-St.Sergius monastery. 1673.
    . . 1679 .
    Sinodik. Moscow. 1679.
    .  . XVII .
    Canticle book. Thef first quarte of 17th century.


        In collection of manuscripts of the Zagorsk museum-preserve the art advantages three obverse manuscripts of 16th century draw attention: two Gospel - a deacon Ions Zuya and the archimandrite to the Trinity-St.Sergius monastery Mercury Dmitrovetz - and the Apostle of the metropolitan Moscow Ioasaph. Earlier, they were included into number of the ancient manuscripts making so-called sacristy collection.

        In 16th century in Trinity-St.Sergius monastery there is local "school" of icon painter, and this not excluded, that illustrators of Old Russian manuscripts there were among icon painters. In favour the origin of manuscripts from Trinity-St.Sergius monastery speaks a social status of their customers or the owners which historical destinies have appeared closely connected with the Trinity-St.Sergius monastery.

    Initial sheet Matthew Gospel of Ion Zuya.

    Miniature from "Gospel" of Ion Zuya. Evangelist Matthew.

    Miniature from "Gospel" of Dmitrovetz. Evangelist Mark.
        he third book Apostle - is not known almost to experts (Ill. 13, 92-107). Apostle from collection of the Zagorsk museum executed in the developed traditions of magnificently issued books of first half 16th century. It quite corresponds to high position of its former owner - metropolitan Ioasaph (Skripitzin). Apostle is in the size in half-sheet, on 574 sheets, written by the beautiful type (ustav) with wide fields.

        Manuscript decorating constructed by the same principle that considered above the Gospel: alternation of miniatures and colourful prompts, but Apostle illustrated more richly. Miniatures of all three books are the bright illustration of one of ways of development book miniature of 16th century.

    Headpiece from "Apostle" of metropolitan Ioasaf.

    Evangelist John and Prochorus. Miniature from Ioasafs "Apostle".

    Evangelist Lukas. Miniature from Ioasafs "Apostle".

    Apostle Iakov. Miniature from Ioasafs "Apostle".




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