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The Museum Collections

Introduction
I. History and Art Collection
1. Icons of the 14th 19th centuries
  • icons of the 14th 17th century
  • 2. Jewelry art of the 14th 20th century
  • jewelry art of the 14th 17th century
  • jewelry art of the 18th 19th century
  • the european silver 14th - 19th centuries
  • 3. Small-size sculptures (works of metal, wood, bone)
    XI the beginning of the XX century
  • Small-size sculptures 11th 17th century
  • Small-size sculptures 18th early 20th century
  • enamel of Troitza masters 15-8th early 20th century
  • 5.Embroidery, lace, textiles of the 14th - early 20th century
  • icon and ornamental embroidery
  • gold and silver lace
  • 6.Painting of the 18th 21st centuries
  • painting of the 18th 19th centuris
  • painting of the 20th 21st centuris
  • II.Manuscripts and old printed books of the 14th 17th century
    IV.Lithography of the 18th 19th century
    V.Numismatics
    VI.Medals of the 18th - early 20th century
    VIII.Archeology collection

    IX. Russian folk and applied and decorative art of the 17th 21st c.
    1. Artistic wood
  • folk carved and painted wood
  • wooden toys
  • house carving of Sergiev Posad
  • Khokhloma and Gorodets painting
  • 2. Artistic textiles
  • embroidery and weaving
  • printed textiles and lace
  • Russian shawls
  • folk costumes
  • folk garments
  • printed cotton kerchiefs
  • Rus Eng

    Folk carved and painted wood 18th-19th centuries (P.1)

        The collection of wooden art objects in Sergiev-Posad museum is one of the fullest and rich collection of Russian folk art. The foundation of its formation constituted the collection of the Museum of Folk Art and Crafts, created by efforts of remarkable experts and researchers of folk art: G.S.Maslova, V.N.Belitser, Z.L.Shvager, M.P.Zvantsev. In 1941, this collection was handed over to Zagorsk museum of Art and History, where it has considerably replenished thanks to the active forwarding work, that proceed now.

        The majority of objects of this collection are dated 19th and the first decades of the 20th century. Separate samples concern to 17th and 18th centuries. Experts of the museum had surveyed practically all regions of the European part of Russia. The collection of wooden objects gathered in this territory, represents huge interest, first thanking its big art importance. In the creativity, in an uncontrollable flight of imagination national craftsman transferred himself to a wonderful world of beauty. Peasant houses, which themselves was very frequent a fine monument of wooden architecture, was filled with wooden household works displaying fine and original art and aesthetic feeling. Sledge and arches, chests and cradles, distaffs and shveika sewing appliances, battledores and scutchers, bowls and salt-cellars were skillfully carved and painted. Carpentry was highly developed in the wood regions of Russia. In Russian wooden architecture, high profile strengthened to carved embellishments of buildings.

        The carving on the facades of peasant houses was one of the striking kinds of popular art in the nineteenth century. It was particularly well developed in the Povolzhye Region. The izbas (peasant houses) "clad" in carved decorations looked like something out of a fairy-tale. The surround of the little window in the pediment was usually attractively decorated. Standing out very clearly against the background of the recessed pediment, it served as the centre of a complex decorative composition. Its fascinatingly carved design combined decorative elements derived from classical architecture with representations of fantastic creatures, stylized animals and birds, little twisted pillars, and rosettes traditionally symbolizing the Sun.


    Carved pediment of a peasant's log hut (izba) with living-room window. Fragment. 1882. Nizhniy Novgorod Region
    Carved pediment of a peasant's log hut (izba) with living-room window. Fragment. 1882. Nizhniy Novgorod Region
    Frontal board of a peasant's izba. Detail. Lion. 19th century. Nizhniy Novgorod Region
    Frontal board of a peasant's izba. Detail. "Lion". 19th century. Nizhniy Novgorod Region
    Platband of a living-room window of an izba. Second half of the19th centuries. Nizhniy Novgorod Region
    Platband of a living-room window of an izba. Second half of the19th centuries. Nizhniy Novgorod Region
    Platband of a window with shutters of an izba. Second half of the 19th centuries. Nizhniy Novgorod Region
    Platband of a window with shutters of an izba. Second half of the 19th centuries. Nizhniy Novgorod Region


        An important architectural detail of every northern house was okhlupen - the ridge beam of the roof whose end, projecting over the facade, was hewn in the shape of a horse, duck or deer. In ancient times these figures, representing pagan gods, were thought to protect the house. In Russian folk sculpture the image of the horse was extremely popular. Toy horses were very common. In the nineteenth century carved wooden toy horses were made in many villages of the Russian North and the Povolzhye. These miniature wooden sculptures varied greatly in their shape and decoration. However, all of them, no matter whether made on the banks of the Mezen or in a Povolzhye village, were characterized by the high degree of stylization and the expressiveness of form, typical of Russian wooden sculpture as a whole.

        he specific manner of carving and painting the wooden toys was determined by the centuries-old traditions developed in each part of the country. Russian craftsmen also created unique objects in which no direct connection with established traditions or conventional motifs can be traced. Of high artistic value, for instance, are the two intricately carved bird-houses shaped like an old man with a pipe and an old woman with a pail from Moscow Region.
    Okhlupens (roof ridge). 19th centuries. Arkhangelsk Region
    Okhlupens (roof ridge). 19th centuries. Archangel Region
    Toy horse. The beginning of the19th century Arkhangelsk area
    Toy horse. The beginning of the19th century Arkhangelsk area
    . . 1870 .
    Birdhouse "Old man". 1870. Moscow Region
    . . 1870 .
    Birdhouse "Old woman". 1870. Moscow Region


        A painting was occupied the big place with in appearance of fronts and interiors of houses. Its receptions as well as in a carving, are various. The painting of country interiors in Russian North Region has remained better. In 19th century, and it is frequent also in the first decades of the 20th century the painting covered all interior of northern izba. It became without preliminary drawing free picturesque blows of a brush, which were underlined then by whiting glares.

        Floral patterns covered the doors, thelower part of the stove, the box covering the steps down to the cellar, the beam supporting the broad berth near the ceiling, the icon shelf in the right-hand corner opposite the door, the panels of cupboards and the surfaces of chests. An attractively painted distaff was placed on the bench by the window. In winter the decorated wooden parts of the harness were also hung on a special hanger at the side of the long bench running along the wall. Painted plates and dishes were arranged on the wooden ledges above the windows. The brightly painted cradle hanging from the middle of the ceiling was an indispensable part of the picturesque interior of a peasant house. Wooden ware with a painting stood on regiments over windows. In the winter, take for a drive on painted sledge.
    Peasant cupboard. Late 19th century, Yaroslavl Region
    Peasant cupboard. Late 19th century, Yaroslavl Region
    Cradle. Second half of 19th centuries. Arkhangelsk Region
    Cradle. Second half of 19th centuries. Arkhangelsk Region
    Chest. Late 19th century. Arkhangelsk Region
    Chest. Late 19th century. Arkhangelsk Region
    Shrovetide sledges. Early 19th century. Arkhangelsk Region
    Shrovetide sledges. Early 19th century. Arkhangelsk Region




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