The Museum Collections
I. History and Art Collection
1. Icons of the 14th 19th centuries
icons of the 14th 17th century
2. Jewelry art of the 14th 20th century
jewelry art of the 14th 17th century
jewelry art of the 18th 19th century
the european silver 14th - 19th centuries
3. Small-size sculptures (works of metal, wood, bone)
XI the beginning of the XX century
Small-size sculptures 11th 17th century
Small-size sculptures 18th early 20th century
enamel of Troitza masters 15-8th early 20th century
5.Embroidery, lace, textiles of the 14th - early 20th century
icon and ornamental embroidery
gold and silver lace
6.Painting of the 18th 21st centuries
painting of the 18th 19th centuris
painting of the 20th 21st centuris
II.Manuscripts and old printed books of the 14th 17th century
IV.Lithography of the 18th 19th century
VI.Medals of the 18th - early 20th century
IX. Russian folk and applied and decorative art of the 17th 21st c.
1. Artistic wood
folk carved and painted wood
house carving of Sergiev Posad
Khokhloma and Gorodets painting
2. Artistic textiles
embroidery and weaving
printed textiles and lace
printed cotton kerchiefs
Jewelry Art of the 18th 19th centuries (page 1)
The rapid raise of jewelry art in the 18th century was, to a certain extent, connected with engaging of the large group of European jewelers and organization of lapidary factories. Six gold plaques with images of saints, covered with diamonds and rubies, are remarkable. They were donations to the Trinity-St. Sergius Monastery. Two plaques were used as main parts for precious panagias. One of them has survived in its original appearance: the cross with the Crucifixion and studs with diamonds were fixed on the quadrangular plaque with the enameled images of the Evangelists. The precious panagia was presented by Empress Anna Ioannovna to her confessor Archimandrite Varlaam (Vysotsky). It reminds a European heraldic shield. Its central part is an ivory plaque with the scene of the Sacred Supper under the central amber.
Catherine II granted Archbishop Platon with the dignity of Metropolitan of Moscow and Koluga for his 50th birthday and the Trinity authorities marked the event presenting him a panagia with the engraved date and initials PMM on the reverse. The Byzantine cameo of the 12th century from the Monastery treasures was used as the central part of the panagia. The ancient cameo was framed in a gold filigree pattern and colored stones the materials and technique, greatly appreciated in the vanished Byzantine culture. The interest in rare stones is reflected in the diamond panagia a personal property of the Moscow Metropolitan.
A number of items from the 18th century Monastery collection belonged to Metropolitan Platon of Moscow and Kolomna. Some of them were presented to him by Empress Catherine II. The salt-cellar (Incense-box), made by A.I. Ratkov was one of her gifts. The reliquary of mysterious origin was made like a casket and subsequently readjusted for the new function. The only analogy is preserved in Pavlovsk Palace that used to be Maria Feodorovnas residence.
The precious article could have been a personal present of Empress who paid him respect more than once. Whatever the origin of the casket was, it is quite a royal object, decorated with intricate filigree, enamel and precious stones. The chalice of an unusual shape and material from the Museum collection was made of plumbic cut glass and decorated with gilding, chasing and engraving.
In the 18th century, chasing remained a traditional technique in decoration of book covers, icon mountings, liturgical and secular vessels. The large Gospel of 1689, was decorated with most complicated gilded cover in 1754. It is embellished with numerous chased baroque cartouches. This cover was produced by a silversmith and enameller of the Trinity-St. Sergius Lavra.
The enameled plaques with the series of Passions, made by the same craftsman, are included in the system of decoration of the mid-18th century mitre and chalice of 1788. Several splendid precious works are connected with the names of famous Moscow and St. Petersburg silversmiths G.I. Serebryannikov, P.T. Vorobei, K.I. Elers, A.I. Ratkov. Various materials and techniques were used. The mitre of 1788, for example, was made of velvet and decorated with pearls, precious stones, silver, gold, spun gold, embroidery, stringing, chasing, carving, cutting, painted enamel.